mercredi 5 novembre 2003, par Harrison Colin
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The deployment of ICT in its present form requires simultaneously mastering many skills and having a developed infrastructure of human and technical resources. These are frequently lacking in regions remote from the affluent neighbourhoods of major cities, whether in developed or developing economies. Moreover, potential users in these developing Knowledge Societies may have different needs or a different balance of needs from the established user base. Such neighbourhoods of major cities already provide an ICT ecology and their users’ needs are heavily pre-determined by the prevailing Internet culture. In developing Knowledge Societies, however, the introduction of ICT - like any major infrastructure investment - is likely to be a communal decision, prioritized against other needs, and conditioned by local values.
So the introduction of ICT into such a community needs to consider 1) what needs do we wish to meet, 2) what ICT infrastructure can meet those needs, and 3) how can we bootstrap the ICT ecology that will enable the deployment to become rapidly self-sustaining. The technology selection and deployment process thus requires a much broader assessment and the choices may - paradoxically - be wider than for an established Knowledge Society.
In my contribution, I will propose a framework for preparing for the creation of a new Knowledge Society that is based in part on current experiments in developing economies and in part on a view of the evolution of the underlying technologies.
Colin Harrison joined IBM in San Jose, California in 1979 and has held many technical leadership positions in IBM’s product businesses, in IBM’s Research Division, and currently in IBM’s IT services business. In 2001 he established IBM’s Institute for Advanced Learning. Following his university studies, he spent several years at CERN developing the SPS accelerator. He then returned to EMI Central Research Laboratories in London, and lead the development of the world’s first commercial MRI system. With IBM he has enjoyed a career leading from micromagnetics to medical imaging, parallel computing, mobile networking, intelligent agents, telecommunications services, and knowledge management.
Colin Harrison studied Electrical Engineering at the Imperial College of Science and Technology and earned a PhD in Materials Science. He also studied Physics at the University of Munich. He is a Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (UK) and a Senior Member of the Institution of Electronic and Electrical Engineers (USA). He is a Chartered Engineer (C.Eng.) and a European Engineer (Eu Ing). He was a founder member of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine (USA). He is also an expert advisor to the Swiss Academy of Technical Sciences. He has been a visiting scientist at MIT, Harvard Medical School, and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
Colin Harrison has been awarded 26 patents. He has published some 40 scientific and technical papers and talks and a successful book on Intelligent Agents. He is an invited speaker at European universities on the impact of information technology on the nature of work, business organization, and industries.